Social Security: positive-ageing-indicators-2007

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INDICATORS 2007 POSITIVE AGEING Acknowledgements The Ministry of Social Development wishes to thank the staff of the following agencies who helped in producing this report: Statistics New Zealand Accident Compensation Corporation Department of Building and Housing Ministry of Transport Ministry of Women’s Affairs Ministry of Research Science and Technology Office for Disability Issues State Services Commission Ministry of Health Department of Labour Housing New Zealand Corporation Land Transp
  INDICATORS 2007 POSITIVE AGEING  Acknowledgements  The Ministry o Social Development wishes to thank the sta o the ollowing agencieswho helped in producing this report:Statistics New Zealand Ministry o HealthAccident Compensation Corporation Department o LabourDepartment o Building and Housing Housing New Zealand CorporationMinistry o Transport Land Transport New ZealandMinistry o Women’s Aairs Te Puni KōkiriMinistry o Research Science and Technology Ministry o JusticeOce or Disability Issues Department o the Prime Minister and CabinetState Services Commission Treasury Cover photo by Mark CooteDesign and Layout by The Alchemist Published August 2007 by the Ministry o Social DevelopmentBowen State BuildingPO Box 1556, Wellington 6140New Zealand Telephone: +64 4 916 3300Facsimile: +64 4 918 0099Website: www. msd.govt.nz ISBN 9780478293074 (Pin)ISBN 9780478293067 (Onin)  Ministerial Foreword ............................................................................................................................ 5Chie Executive’s Preace ................................................................................................................... 6Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 7Positive Ageing Indicators 2007 ........................................................................................... 7Purpose o the positive ageing indicators report ........................................................ 7Context ........................................................................................................................................... 8Selection o indicators ............................................................................................................. 9Limitations o the indicators ............................................................................................... 10Structure o the report ........................................................................................................... 11Future reports ............................................................................................................................ 11Indicators ramework  ........................................................................................................... 12 Scion 1 ............................................................................................................................................... 14 Older People: a Statistical Overview .......................................................................................... 14Population size and growth ................................................................................................ 14Distribution o the older population .............................................................................. 15Age and sex structure o the older population .......................................................... 16Birthplace and ethnicity ....................................................................................................... 17Ethnic composition o the older population ............................................................... 17Older households and amily roles .................................................................................. 18Older people with disability ............................................................................................... 20 Scion 2 ............................................................................................................................................... 22 Income .................................................................................................................................................... 22Disposable incomes .............................................................................................................. 24Private incomes ........................................................................................................................ 26Living standards ....................................................................................................................... 27Low incomes  .............................................................................................................................. 29Health ..................................................................................................................................................... 32Lie expectancy at age 65 years ........................................................................................ 34General health .......................................................................................................................... 38Fatal and serious non-atal injuries rom alls ............................................................. 40 CONteNtS  Cigarette smoking .................................................................................................................. 42Unmet need or primary health care .............................................................................. 44Flu vaccination .......................................................................................................................... 46Housing .................................................................................................................................................. 48Housing quality ....................................................................................................................... 50Home ownership .................................................................................................................... 52Housing aordability ............................................................................................................. 55 Transport ............................................................................................................................................... 56Licensed drivers ....................................................................................................................... 57Public transport use ............................................................................................................... 59Living in the Community ................................................................................................................ 62Living at home ......................................................................................................................... 63Disability Allowance .............................................................................................................. 65Criminal victimisation ............................................................................................................ 68Fear o crime .............................................................................................................................. 69Trust in others .......................................................................................................................... 70Māori Cultural Identity .................................................................................................................... 72Te ao Māori ................................................................................................................................. 73Te reo Māori speakers ............................................................................................................ 75Access to Facilities and Services .................................................................................................. 78Non-big city access to services .......................................................................................... 79Internet access .......................................................................................................................... 81Attitudes ................................................................................................................................................ 84Lie satisaction ......................................................................................................................... 85Physical activity ........................................................................................................................ 88Perceived age discrimination ............................................................................................. 90Employment ......................................................................................................................................... 92Paid employment ................................................................................................................... 93Average hourly earnings ...................................................................................................... 96Opportunities ...................................................................................................................................... 98Voluntary work  ....................................................................................................................... 100Loneliness ................................................................................................................................. 102Participation in education ................................................................................................. 104Community inclusion ......................................................................................................... 108Participation in cultural and arts activities ................................................................ 110 Scion 3 ............................................................................................................................................. 112 Concluding Summaries ................................................................................................................ 112Key ndings ............................................................................................................................. 112Future research ....................................................................................................................... 115Summary o dierences between older women and older men ..................... 116Summary o results or older Māori .............................................................................. 117Summary o indicator results ........................................................................................... 118Bibliography ....................................................................................................................................... 122 Technical Details ............................................................................................................................... 124Appendix I – The New Zealand Positive Ageing Strategy .............................................. 143Appendix II – List o Figures ........................................................................................................ 144Appendix III – List o Tables ......................................................................................................... 146Endnotes .............................................................................................................................................. 148
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